After a few days ago Liverpool deleted from World Heritage List, The World Heritage Committee, which sits in China by the end of this month, has inscribed five new world cultural landmarks, including one transnational good. As many as four world cultural sites are located in Europe, and the only non-European representative is the područjeimā cultural area in Saudi Arabia.
Transnational location - Large spa cities in Europe
A transnational place “The Great Spa Towns of Europe” includes 11 cities located in seven European countries: Baden bei Wien (Austria), Toplice (Belgium), Františkovy Lázně, Karlovy Vary and Mariánské Lázně (Czech Republic); Vichy (France); Bad Ems, Baden-Baden and Bad Kissingen (Germany), Montecatini Terme (Italy) and the City of Bath (United Kingdom). All of these cities have developed around natural mineral water springs. They testify to the international European spa culture that developed from the early 18th century to the 1930s, which led to the emergence of large international resorts. These places embody a significant exchange of human values and developments in medicine, science and balneology, ie the science that studies methods of treatment with the help of natural mineral waters and sludges.
Cordouan Lighthouse in France
The lighthouse from Cordouan rises on a shallow rocky plateau in the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the Gironde, in a very exposed and hostile environment. Built of white limestone blocks at the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries, it was designed by engineer Louis de Foix and remodeled by engineer Joseph Teulère in the late 18th century. A masterpiece of maritime signaling, Cordouan’s monumental tower embodies the great stages of the architectural and technological history of the lighthouse, and was built with the ambition to continue the tradition of famous ancient lighthouses.
Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt in Germany
A colony of artists from Darmstadt on the Mathildenhöhe, elevated above the city of Darmstadt in western central Germany, was established in 1897 by Ernst Ludwig, Grand Duke of Hessen, as the center of new reform movements in architecture, arts and crafts. The buildings were created by members of the colony, ie artists, as an experimental early modernist living and working environment. The colony was expanded during successive international exhibitions in 1901, 1904, 1908 and 1914. Today it offers a testament to early modern architecture, urban planning and landscape design, all influenced by the arts and crafts movement and the Viennese Art Nouveau.
A cycle of 14th century frescoes in Padua, Italy
The place consists of eight religious and secular building complexes within the walls of the historic city of Padua. There is a selection of cycles of frescoes painted between 1302 and 1397 by different artists for different types of protectors and within buildings of different functions. Nevertheless, the frescoes maintain the unity of style and content. As a whole, these cycles of frescoes illustrate how over the centuries art has evolved with new creative momentum and an understanding of spatial representation.
It is currently on the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List 1125 locations worldwide, of which 51 are in danger.
By the end of the month, we expect that the World Heritage Committee will select new landmarks at its session, because there is no shortage of nominees, after a one-year break due to the coronavirus pandemic. Namely, it will be taken into consideration 39 nominations, of which as many as 31 are cultural landmarks.