Prezid is located on the border with the Republic of Slovenia, a place that has had a border position throughout history. It is an old settlement in which the distant past has woven its signs. The name of the place probably has to do with the geographical position, to be in the Presidium would mean to be in front of some wall.
The most significant signs of the past are the site of Iapodian pottery and the late Roman defensive wall - the Liburnian Limes. Namely, 1.700 years ago, the Prezid was an important military fortress of the mighty Roman Empire. Walls and towers were built to complement natural obstacles such as mountains or canyons.
The wall that once separated, now connects
The famous wall of the Roman fortification system, traces of which we find today outside the settlement, stretched within the military defense system Claustra Alpium Iuliarum. It stretched from the Trsat hillfort across Prezid towards the Nanos hill in Slovenia. In some places it was set in several lines, and was supplemented by towers, forts and fortresses.
Together with the interruptions, it is approximately 130 kilometers long. Today, more than 30 kilometers of archaeological remains of wall lines with more than 100 towers have been recorded.
Obstacle Prezid passes through a narrow riverbed between Babno and Prezidsko polje, and in its central part exactly along today's state border. There are no documented towers on this section, but it blends perfectly with the indented landscape.
To the south and east, the peaks of Gorski kotar are visible, to the west and northwest, the view opens to the peaks of Javornik and Snežnik, and to the east to the massif of Goteniška gora.
Cultural and tourist route
For the defense system of Claustra Alpium Iuliarum, various names have been preserved in folklore, eg Roman wall, chance, festunge, zwinger, buckwheat wall, Turkish wall.
This defensive wall saw a series of battles, but after the 5th century the Roman fortifications disappeared. Today, some parts are being restored and become a tourist attraction that is most often visited by organized walks, and more and more often on 'two wheels'. Along the route of the wall from the coast to Gorski kotar, six pedestrian and bicycle routes have been designed so far.
The route was designed as part of the Claustra + project as part of the development of a tourist product for cultural heritage that connects Croatia and Slovenia, history and nature, recreation and entertainment. There is plenty of room for creativity, as evidenced by the interesting events organized in the neighboring country.
Cultural heritage is an exceptional development opportunity that connects diversity and opens up new opportunities. Claustra has the potential to become one of the most attractive destinations in the cross-border area.
Insiders claim it can be compared to related destinations in Europe such as the German Limes or Hadrian’s Wall in England which is inscribed on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites in Europe. UNESCO lists it as the most important Roman monument in Britain. The German Limes is a 550 km long border wall that runs through four German federal states. After the Great Wall of China, it is the largest cultural monument on the UNESCO list.
Mobile application with interactive map
More than a year ago, there was a mobile application that was created as part of the Claustra + project, which is carried out by the Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage.
The application includes Croatian and Slovenian sites and provides insight into an interactive map with 20 archaeological sites marked with a red symbol of the tower. By selecting one of the symbols, an option is offered to open a page with more information and photos about each locality, and 3D reconstructions have been made.
In addition, on the map you can find symbols that describe the flora and fauna of the area, as well as suggestions for excursions and routes. The audio guide in Croatian, Slovenian, Italian, German and English is commendable.
But that’s not all - the Claudia Alpium Iuliarum app also offers an option called ‘Claustra Challenges’ where users can collect points and clothing for a Roman soldier. Points are earned by making a 'check-in' at the site. For the curious, the app can be ‘downloaded’ from the Google Store.
The Franks called him Brezidan
It would not be right to write about the Presidium without mentioning the famous Frankopan family. Prezid is one of the first Gorani settlements created in their time, related to the administration of larger settlements and towns in Vinodol.
In one description of the Vinodol parish from 1260, Brezidan near Babno Polje, today's Prezid, is mentioned as the property of the princes of Krk. The origin and formation of the settlement dates back to Frankopan times, and especially to the 17th century in the sign of the economic ideas of the Zrinski princes. The village of Prezid was an open-type settlement.
Indigenous examples of Gorski Kotar architecture
Old wooden houses (Vesel, Ožbolt, Žagar, Lipovac) are still preserved in Prezid, which are protected as autochthonous examples of Gorski Kotar architecture. Today, they are under protection as a rural construction of Croatian heritage.
The Presidium also has a large Native Collection. The remains of the Iapodian culture can attract the most attention in it, but also one special feature - the remains of the old wooden Presidan aqueduct. In Prezid, there is also a path with six positive energy points.
Trbuhovica energy trail
The educational, recreational, spiritual and energy trail was designed about 15 years ago by the local association for healthy living Trbuhovica. It is connected by 18 excursion points of interest, of which six are the so-called. energy. They are located at the locations of several sacral buildings and watercourse springs.
A tour of the Claustra Energy Trail is a good foundation for upgrading the excursion program with historical and natural attractions.
Photo: archive of the Claustra + and Promotiv Travel Outdoor project