The European Commission adopted yesterday proposal for a Council recommendation to ensure that all Member States' measures restricting free movement due to the coronavirus pandemic are coordinated and clearly communicated at EU level.
The Commission proposal identifies four main areas where close cooperation between Member States is needed:
- common criteria and thresholds Member States to introduce travel restrictions
- mapping common criteria agreed color code
- a common framework for measures applicable to travelers from high-risk areas
- Clear and timely informing the public about all restrictions
Commissioner of the Interior Ylva Johansson she said how since March, the commission has been making recommendations to member states regarding internal and external border controls. "Today's measures are based on these results so that we can take full advantage of the Schengen area. That is why we want a clear “green, orange, red” system, not a kaleidoscope of individual measures."
However, the problem has emerged because the national criteria for introducing measures restricting movement in the European Union currently vary greatly from country to country. The Commission therefore proposes that each Member State take into account the following criteria when introducing any restrictive measures:
- total number of newly reported cases of COVID-19 per 100 people in a given area in a 000-day period
- Percentage of positive tests out of all COVID-19 tests performed in a given area during a seven-day period
- the number of COVID-19 tests performed on 100 individuals in a given area over a seven-day period.
Member States should provide this information to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control on a weekly basis and should also provide regional level to ensure that the measures can be targeted only to areas for which it is absolutely necessary.
Provided that the testing rate on a weekly basis in the Member State of departure is over 250 per 100 000 persons, the Commission proposes that Member States should not restrict the free movement of persons traveling from another Member State in cases where:
- in the subject area, the total number of newly reported cases of COVID-19 is less than 50 per 100 persons during the 000-day period ILI
- the percentage of positive tests of all tests on COVID-19 conducted in the subject area is less than 3%.
"We want things to be simpler. We propose simple, non-discriminatory criteria that Member States can easily apply and that can be communicated to European citizens in an appropriate way.Said Justice Commissioner Didier Reynders
Common color code
To help Member States and travelers, the Commission proposes that the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control publish and update a map of EU / EEA countries each week on the basis of information provided by Member States, marking them with a common color code. The Commission proposes the following:
- green color for an area where the total number of newly reported cases of COVID-19 is less than 25 over a 14-day period I percentage of positive tests from all tests performed on COVID-19 less than 3%
- orange color for the area in which the total number of newly reported cases of COVID-19 is less than 50 during the 14-day period, ALI is the percentage of positive tests of all tests performed on COVID-19 3% or higher ILI the total number of newly reported cases of COVID-19 is between 25 and 150, ALI the percentage of positive tests of all tests performed on COVID-19 is less than 3%
- red color for an area where the total number of newly reported cases of COVID-19 is greater than 50 over a 14-day period I the percentage of positive tests from all tests performed on COVID-19 is 3% or higher ILI the total number of newly reported cases of COVID-19 is greater than 150 per 100 persons over a 000-day period
- sivu color if there is insufficient information to assess the criteria proposed by the Commission ILI the number of COVID-19 tests performed on 100 individuals is less than 000.
The information should also be available on the online platform "Re-open EU”With a link to a map he publishes weekly European Center for Disease Prevention and Control.
"In order to limit the spread of COVID-19, Member States have adopted a number of measures, some of which have affected free movement. A well-coordinated, predictable and transparent approach to restricting freedom of movement is needed to prevent the spread of the virus, protect the health of citizens and safeguard the right to free movement within the Union. This is important for the millions of citizens who travel every day and depend on open borders, and crucial for our efforts to rebuild our economy in a safe way."Emphasize from the EC.
The key word and suggestion is common criteria EU or synergy, because it has been shown that countries have different approaches to putting a country on the red list, as we could see in the example of Croatia, as well as regional mapping of new cases. Also, all data would be sent to one central location, and labels, ie color codes for each region in the country would automatically appear.
Certainly a fairer way to approach the whole issue, which would justify the meaning of the EU as a synergy of all countries. Exactly the same criteria were proposed by Croatia, that the epidemiological situation is viewed by region, and only Germany acted according to the same. Of course, the goal is to ensure the movement of people. All states are expected to comment on this topic in the coming weeks.