The protection of the Bistrana kraluš and tie as an intangible cultural asset is extremely important for the preservation of local and Croatian identity. The traditional technique of manual stringing of multicolored beads on intertwined threads of horse string began to be applied in the area of Bistra at the end of the 19th century. Bistra traditional jewelry was worn with the Bistra costume, the traditional attire of the Bistra region.
In addition to Bistran's kraluš (women's necklace), Bistra's traditional jewelry also includes a tie (men's tie), a maslin (a decorative needle in the shape of a bow tie) and a dog (a decorative women's belt). Interestingly, the Bistran kraluš contains five parts: kara, upper frk, lower frk, sling and banner. The basic technique of making a women's necklace - kraluša, involved stringing (stating) multicolored beads on ten (5 + 5), twelve (6 + 6), sixteen (8 + 8) or twenty-two (11 + 11) intertwined threads ( upper and lower threads).
The Ecomuseum Bistra project is an integrated project whose purpose is to enable sustainable and participatory management of the entire heritage of the Bistra region on the basis of ecomuseum postulates and to encourage the development of cultural and tourist facilities. It is very important for the protection of Bistrana kraluš and necktie as an intangible cultural asset because it will enable the revitalization and continuity of the art of making traditional jewelry as part of folk costumes and future recognition and valorization of this art as part of the Bistran region and ultimately Croatian cultural identity.
Photos: Zagreb County Tourist Board